Stevens-Johnson syndrome, also known as SJS or toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), is a rare but serious disorder of the skin and mucous membranes. It is caused by a genetic predisposition to have an adverse reaction to certain medications. Injuries resulting from Stevens-Johnson syndrome may entitle the victim to compensation, and our SJS attorneys have unparalleled experience in building these cases.
Stevens-Johnson Syndrome: An Overview
The amount of skin involvement determines whether the disease is called SJS or TEN. If more than 30% of the total body surface area is involved, it is called toxic epidermal necrolysis or the acronym TEN.
SJS/TEN is a very serious condition that causes blistering and sloughing of the skin and mucous membranes. The effect is similar to a severe full-thickness burn. The body becomes at risk for fluid loss, infection, organ failure, blindness, and death.Get in Touch
Symptoms of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
The initial symptoms of SJS and TEN can include rash, fever, sore throat and mouth, fatigue, and burning eyes. As the disease progresses, symptoms can include:
- Widespread skin pain
- Red or purple rash spreading over the body
- Blisters on the skin, mouth, and mucous membranes of the eyes and genitals
- Shedding of the skin (“erosions”) once blisters form, leaving raw skin
Secondary symptoms can include infection in areas where the skin has peeled away, leaving exposed flesh.Get in Touch
Causes of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
SJS and TEN are considered by many medical experts to be exclusively caused by pharmaceutical drugs.
Genetic factors, such as certain alleles, may increase a paitent's risk of developing SJS and TEN.
Adverse Drug Reactions
The drugs most associated with SJS include:
- Anti-gout medications
- Anti-convulsants and anti-psychotics
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs)
Visit our SJS resources page for more information on drugs associated with SJS and TEN.
Some of the most high-risk infectious conditions for developing SJS/TEN are:
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Other weakened immune system or connective tissue diseases
Treatment Options for SJS
Most treatment for SJS/TEN is supportive. The first step is to stop using whatever medication is causing the adverse reaction.
Supportive care can include:
- IV fluid replacement to prevent electrolyte imbalance.
- High-calorie food — by nasogastric tube if necessary — to increase energy and promote healing.
- Use of non-adhesive dressings on blisters and exposed skin.
- IV immunoglobulins if there is extensive fluid or blood loss.
- Skin grafts or membrane grafts (for the eyes) if needed.
- Antibiotics or cyclosporine for infections.
- IV steroids to prevent swelling of affected mucous membranes.
- Treatment in a burn unit or intensive care unit if too much body surface is involved.
In cases involving the mouth or nasal tissue, oxygen therapy may be necessary to support the patient’s breathing. Complications of SJS/TEN can include pneumonia, sepsis, and death in up to 30%-80% of TEN cases.
If you need legal advice regarding Stevens-Johnson syndrome from expert SJS attorneys, contact the SJS attorneys of Dunn Sheehan LLP at 214.462.7582 or make an appointment for a consultation today.Get in Touch
Stevens-Johnson Syndrome Resources
Whether it affects you or a loved one, SJS can take a toll on people of all walks of life. The articles below offer helpful information and insights to help you and your family navigate these trying times. Visit our SJS resources page for more information, including PDF downloads and links to other organizations that offer relief and assistance.
Top U.S. Burn Units
- Johns Hopkins Burn Unit
- The Mayo Clinic
- Burn and Reconstructive Centers of America
- The Cleveland Clinic
- Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
- Burn unit care of Stevens Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis: A survey
- Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS)
- Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
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